Tuesday, September 29, 2009

1916. First launching of an airplane in flight from another one of greater spread.

1916. First launching of an airplane in flight from another one of greater spread.

The 17 of May of 1916, carried out the first launching of an airplane in flight from another larger ones. One was the prototype of hydroplane Felixtowe Porte Baby, that owned a spread of 37,80 M.s and a biplane Bristol Scout C., that went mounted on the upper wing of the hydroplane.

Both airplanes piloted by J.C. Porter and M.J. Day respectively. They reached the height of 300 M.s, and they separated in the heat of flight cleanly, this was the first time in the history of the aviation that took place resemblance maneuvers.

1919. First flight on the Atlantic.

Lor Northcliffe, proprietor of the English newspaper Daily Mail, established first of April of 1913 a prize of 10.000 pounds sterling for those who managed for the first time to fly on the Atlantic Ocean with I separate heavier than the air. World War I interrupted the febrile works of the pioneers who tried to send themselves to undertake a company of so audacious nature for those times; since only the Brothers Wright had realised their first flight. Finalized World War I, it immediately continued the initiative of construction, as much of pilots as of constructors. These had to realise the crossing without using more than 72 hrs., which meant just a short time.

They could realise more than a water landing during the passage, neither could participate in the attempt, nor pilots, nor airplanes that had fought against the English, in the war. Also the participation of military pilots was prohibited.

Of all the apparatuses available of that time it was chosen to a twin-engine bomber of name Vickers Vimy, that completely was undressed of its fighting capabilitieses. The apparatus was trusting John Alcock and Arthur Whitten the Browns, who quickly sent themselves to complete the preparations for the trip.

They realised a unique trial run, a short flight, the eighteen of April of 1919, and days later they moved yet its equipment made Newfoundland in the coast of Canada with the airplane totally disassembled, to be armed in American earth. Already installed in Newfoundland, they carried out some test flights, and the 14 of June of 1919 the English pilots decided to undertake the passage. They did it to 1,25 hours, when I separate overloaded from gasoline initiated its bamboleante race by the rudimentary track.

After an injured and risky flight of more than 3.000 km, with a duration of 16 hours and 27 minutes, in means of the dark and rain and the snow that lasted sixteen hour and a half, the dangerous aviators arrived at English earth. In that flight they wore a coat with 197 letters, and so one became the first transatlantic airmail.

The Vicvkers Vimy MK” had 20.72 M.s, of spread 13.72 M.s, length 4.76 M.s, height and 123.53 m2 of wing area. 5.670 kg weighed, totally loaded. It owned two motors Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII of 365 HP. The terminal velocity was of 166 km, per hour and reached an altitude of 2,134 M.s

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